Research on Renewal and Transformation of Smart Building in Luoyang Based on Reducing Energy Usage and Collective Memory

1. Research Background

At present, the level of urbanization in China has exceeded 60%, and urbanization has also entered the middle and later stages; most cities have changed from incremental to stock development, and people are becoming more aware of the importance of historical environmental protection. At the beginning of 2021, it was pointed out in the National 14th Five-Year Development Plan that the old industrial area is an important part of urban renewal. In the “Revitalization and Development Plan for Special types of areas of the 14th five-year Plan” approved by the State Council on 26 November, it was proposed to carry out the interpretation and display of the value of industrial heritage [1], carry forward the contemporary value of industrial heritage and promote the transformation and upgrading of old industrial areas. In 2015, the members of the United Nations also adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the process of urbanization in the past few decades, a large number of industrial cultural heritages have been impacted by urban renewal. The urban pattern is constantly being eroded, and the urban memory that once could be seen everywhere every day has been abandoned in the rapidly developing society. However, in many cities, as the unit composition of the city, the old industrial zone is not only the foundation and carrier of the society but also plays the role of the connection and link between the society and the individual. It is also a microcosm of an urban society, which can truly record and reflect the historical changes and development track of the society both statically and dynamically, and it is the collective memory of the regional social community.

2. Tracing to the Source of Collective Memory

Memory first appeared in the myths of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory, in ancient Greece. The concept of “mnemonics” was first put forward by Simonides [2] in ancient Greece, which is used to improve the ability to recall events that are related to the spatial environment and correspond to concrete things. There are many …


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