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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Green Roofs on the Design of a Public Stormwater Drainage System: A Case Study

by

1,2,3,*, 4, 1,5, 6, 2,3,7 and 8,9,*

1

ESTiG, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal

2

FibEnTech, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal

3

GeoBioTec-UBI, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal

4

Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR/CIMAR), University of Porto, Novo Edifício do Terminal de Cruzeiros do Porto de Leixões, Avenida General Norton de Matos, S/N, 4450-208 Matosinhos, Portugal

5

Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Campus Curitiba, Curitiba 80230-000, PR, Brazil

6

Câmara Municipal de Bragança, Forte S. João de Deus, 5300-263 Bragança, Portugal

7

Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal

8

Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal

9

Laboratório Associado para a Sustentabilidade e Tecnologia em Regiões de Montanha (SusTEC), Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal

*

Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Sustainability 2023, 15(7), 5762; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15075762 (registering DOI)

Received: 27 February 2023
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Revised: 23 March 2023
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Accepted: 23 March 2023
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Published: 25 March 2023

Abstract

In the face of excessive soil sealing and the occurrence of heavy rainfall in short time periods leading to flooding, it is becoming increasingly urgent to implement public resilient stormwater drainage systems. Green roofs have several advantages at different levels, of which this paper highlights the ability to retain rainwater, to reduce problems with flooding in peaks of rainfall, and to increase in urban green infrastructure with all the benefits associated. In this sense, green roofs’ impact on the design of a public stormwater drainage system and their implications for urban stormwater management was analyzed when compared with conventional roofs. If green roofs are used on the buildings in the study urban area, which has about 2.1 ha and is located in rainfall region B of Portugal, then the weighted average runoff coefficient (Cm) for the study area is 0.59. This scenario leads to a reduction in the maximum flow rate of 15.89% compared to the use of conventional roofs, with a Cm of 0.70 for the same area. Thus, the use of green roofs instead of conventional roofs can have positive impacts on the surface runoff in urban areas and contribute to more sustainable urban drainage.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, F.; Calheiros, C.S.C.; Valle, G.; Pinto, P.; Albuquerque, A.; Antão-Geraldes, A.M. Influence of Green Roofs on the Design of a Public Stormwater Drainage System: A Case Study. Sustainability 2023, 15, 5762.
https://doi.org/10.3390/su15075762

AMA Style

Silva F, Calheiros CSC, Valle G, Pinto P, Albuquerque A, Antão-Geraldes AM. Influence of Green Roofs on the Design of a Public Stormwater Drainage System: A Case Study. Sustainability. 2023; 15(7):5762.
https://doi.org/10.3390/su15075762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silva, Flora, Cristina Sousa Coutinho Calheiros, Guilherme Valle, Pedro Pinto, António Albuquerque, and Ana Maria Antão-Geraldes. 2023. “Influence of Green Roofs on the Design of a Public Stormwater Drainage System: A Case Study” Sustainability 15, no. 7: 5762.
https://doi.org/10.3390/su15075762

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