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The Use of Vacuum Residue as a Potential Rejuvenator in Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement: Physical, Rheological, and Mechanical Traits Analysis
Building and Construction Engineering Department, Engineering Technical College of Mosul, Northern Technical University, Mosul 41002, Iraq
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Benghazi, Benghazi 00218, Libya
Department of Construction Engineering and Projects Management, Al-Noor University College, Mosul 41012, Iraq
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang 26300, Pahang, Malaysia
Architecture Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul 41002, Iraq
Institute for Infrastructure Engineering and Sustainable Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Recycling 2023, 8(3), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling8030047 (registering DOI)
Received: 13 April 2023
Revised: 30 April 2023
Accepted: 3 May 2023
Published: 4 May 2023
Asphalt recycling technology with a high content of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is becoming more important as the price of paving materials rises and sustainable development and environmental conservation rules become more rigorous. Nevertheless, road authorities in numerous countries still prohibit the utilisation of RAP in asphalt mixes due to the negative impacts of RAP on the performance of asphalt mixtures. Consequently, different rejuvenators have been introduced to reinstate the original attributes of aged asphalt to resolve this issue. This study incorporated vacuum residue (VR) into mixtures with 40% RAP. The physical, rheological, and mechanical traits of the resultant samples were assessed. The results show that the 7.5% VR rejuvenator minimised the RAP asphalt ageing impact. Furthermore, the rejuvenating agent demonstrated physical and rheological rehabilitative benefits for the aged asphalt. The mechanical attributes of the rejuvenated samples were also enhanced compared to the virgin asphalt (VA) specimens.
MDPI and ACS Style
Al-Saffar, Z.H.; Eltwati, A.; Aziz, E.E.; Yaacob, H.; Dawood, H.A.; Jaya, R.P.; Jawahery, M.S.A.; Shaffie, E. The Use of Vacuum Residue as a Potential Rejuvenator in Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement: Physical, Rheological, and Mechanical Traits Analysis. Recycling 2023, 8, 47.
Al-Saffar ZH, Eltwati A, Aziz EE, Yaacob H, Dawood HA, Jaya RP, Jawahery MSA, Shaffie E. The Use of Vacuum Residue as a Potential Rejuvenator in Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement: Physical, Rheological, and Mechanical Traits Analysis. Recycling. 2023; 8(3):47.
Al-Saffar, Zaid Hazim, Ahmed Eltwati, Ehab Essam Aziz, Haryati Yaacob, Halah Abdulsattar Dawood, Ramadhansyah Putra Jaya, Mohammed S. Al Jawahery, and Ekarizan Shaffie. 2023. “The Use of Vacuum Residue as a Potential Rejuvenator in Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement: Physical, Rheological, and Mechanical Traits Analysis” Recycling 8, no. 3: 47.
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