Privacy and Security Concerns in the Smart City
The traditional smart city development process adheres to the “god-dominant” paradigm, wherein both public and private strong organizations or individuals have complete control over the design of urban context sensing and actuation .
The emergence of private or associated stakeholders who position themselves between citizens and traditional stakeholders in the city’s administration has caused the original smart city planning paradigm to evolve. This organizational make-up tends to move away from centralizing rationales and aim to reach an inventive balance between top-down and bottom-up approaches on the basis of field observations.
The study highlights the negative personal privacy and informational security outcomes that may arise from the development programs currently pursued in smart cities and digital cities. The authors aim to illustrate the ways in which the remedies proposed so far appear insufficient from a legal or practical standpoint.
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