Open Innovation for the Construction Sector: Concept Overview and Test Bed Development to Boost Energy-Efficient Solutions

1. Introduction

The snowballing involvedness of products and facilities, the fluctuating market demand, and the increased and different requests from different social groups are tendencies that push the introduction of new practices for companies to stay competitive. The externalization of data sources and their combination in the context of open innovation (OI) is one of the practices that can lead to increased success [1]. The OI concept was first introduced in 2003 by Henry W. Chesbrough, an American organizational theorist and professor at the University of California, Berkeley [2], as “a paradigm that assumes that firms can and should use external ideas as well as internal ideas, and internal and external paths to market as the firms look to advance their technology” [3]. Chesbrough and his colleagues have made a major contribution to developing the theory, since they basically created an innovative novel concept that covers both “in-flows and outflows of knowledge” correlated to industrial research and development (R&D) and, consequently, allows us to accelerate internal innovation, increase value and expand the markets.

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Graziano Salvalai